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gastrointestinal QUIZ

1. Following administration of a dose of metoclopramide (Reglan) to the patient, the nurse determines that the medication has been effective when what is noted?

A. Decreased blood pressure
B. Absence of muscle tremors
C. Relief of nausea and vomiting 
D. No further episodes of diarrhea

2. The patient receiving chemotherapy rings the call bell and reports the onset of nausea. The nurse should prepare an as-needed dose of which medication?

A. Morphine sulfate
B. Zolpidem (Ambien)
C. Ondansetron (Zofran)
D. Dexamethasone (Decadron)

3. The patient who is admitted with a diagnosis of diverticulitis and a history of irritable bowel disease and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) has received a dose of Mylanta 30 mL PO. The nurse should evaluate its effectiveness by questioning the patient as to whether which symptom has been resolved?

A. Diarrhea
B. Heartburn 
C. Constipation
D. Lower abdominal pain

4. A patient complains of nausea. When administering a dose of metoclopramide (Reglan), the nurse should teach the patient to report which potential adverse effect?

A. Tremors 
B. Constipation
C. Double vision
D. Numbness in fingers and toes