PSYCHIATRIC DISORDER

QUESTIONS

1. A patient approached the nurse asking for advice on how to deal with his alcohol addiction.The nurse should tell the client that the only effective treatment for alcoholism is:

 

a.       Psychotherapy

b.       Alcoholics anonymous (A.A.)

c.       Total abstinence

d.       Aversion Therapy

 

2. A nurse is caring for a male client who experiences false sensory perceptions with no basis in reality. This perception is known as:

 

a.       Hallucinations

b.       Delusions

c.       Loose associations

d.       Neologisms

 

3. A nurse is caring for a female client who has a suicidal tendency. When accompanying the client to the restroom, the nurse should…

a.       Give her privacy

b.       Allow her to urinate

c.       Open the window and allow her to get some fresh air

d.       Observe her

 

4. You're developing a plan of care for a female client with anorexia nervosa. Which action should the nurse include in the plan?

 

a.       Provide privacy during meals

b.       Set-up a strict eating plan for the client

c.       Encourage client to exercise to reduce anxiety

d.       Restrict visits with the family

 

5. A client is experiencing with an anxiety attack. The most appropriate nursing intervention should include?

 

a.       Turning on the television

b.       Leaving the client alone

c.       Staying with the client and speaking in short sentences

d.       Ask the client to play with other clients

 

6. A female client is admitted with a diagnosis of delusions of GRANDEUR. This diagnosis reflects a belief that one is:

 

a.       Being Killed

b.       Highly famous and important

c.       Responsible for evil world

d.       Connected to client unrelated to oneself

 

7. A 20-year-old client was diagnosed with dependent personality disorder. Which behavior is not most likely to be evidence of ineffective individual coping?

 

a.       Recurrent self-destructive behavior

b.       Avoiding relationship

c.       Showing interest in solitary activities

d.       Inability to make choices and decision without advice

 

8. A male client is diagnosed with schizotypal personality disorder. Which signs would this client exhibit during social situation?

 

a.       Paranoid thoughts

b.       Emotional affect

c.       Independence need

d.       Aggressive behavior

 

9. A nurse is caring for a client diagnosed with bulimia. The most appropriate initial goal for a client diagnosed with bulimia is?

 

a.       Encourage to avoid foods

b.       Identify anxiety causing situations

c.       Eat only three meals a day

d.       Avoid shopping plenty of groceries

 

10. A nurse was caring for a 41-year-old female client. Which behavior by the client indicates adult cognitive development?

 

a.       Generates new levels of awareness

b.       Assumes responsibility for her actions

c.       Has maximum ability to solve problems and learn new skills

d.       Her perception is based on reality

 

11. A neuromuscular blocking agent is administered to a client before ECT therapy. The nurse should carefully observe the client for?

 

a.       Respiratory difficulties

b.       Nausea and vomiting

c.       Dizziness

d.       Seizures

 

12. 75-year-oldld client is admitted to the hospital with the diagnosis of dementia of the Alzheimer’s type and depression. The symptom that is unrelated to depression would be?

 

a.       Apathetic response to the environment

b.       “I don’t know” answer to questions

c.       Shallow of labile effect

d.       Neglect of personal hygiene

 

13. A nurse is working in a mental health facility; the nurse priority nursing intervention for a newly admitted client with bulimia nervosa would be to?

 

a.       Teach client to measure I & O

b.       Involve client in planning daily meal

c.       Observe client during meals

d.       Monitor client continuously

 

14. The nurse is aware that the major health complication associated with intractable anorexia nervosa would be?

 

a.       Cardiac dysrhythmias resulting to cardiac arrest

b.       Glucose intolerance resulting in protracted hypoglycemia

c.       Endocrine imbalance causing cold amenorrhea

d.       Decreased metabolism causing cold intolerance

 

15. The nurse can minimize agitation in a disturbed client by?

 

a.       Increasing stimulation

b.       limiting unnecessary interaction

c.       increasing appropriate sensory perception

d.       ensuring constant client and staff contact

 

16. A 39 year old mother with obsessive-compulsive disorder has become immobilized by her elaborate hand washing and walking rituals. The nurse recognizes that the basis of O.C. disorder is often:

 

a.       Problems with being too conscientious

b.       Problems with anger and remorse

c.       Feelings of guilt and inadequacy

d.       Feeling of unworthiness and hopelessness

 

17. A client is complaining to other clients about not being allowed by staff to keep food in his room. Which of the following interventions would be most appropriate?

 

a.       Allowing a snack to be kept in his room

b.       Reprimanding the client

c.       Ignoring the client's behavior

d.       Setting limits on the behavior

 

18. A patient with borderline personality disorder who is to be discharged soon threatens to “do something” to herself if discharged. Which of the following actions by the nurse would be most important?

 

a.       Ask a family member to stay with the client at home temporarily

b.       Discuss the meaning of the client’s statement with her

c.       Request an immediate extension for the client

d.       Ignore the client's statement because it’s a sign of manipulation

 

19. Joey a client with antisocial personality disorder belches loudly. A staff member asks Joey, “Do you know why people find you repulsive?” this statement most likely would elicit which of the following client reaction?

 

a.       Depensiveness

b.       Embarrassment

c.       Shame

d.       Remorsefulness

 

20. Which of the following approaches would be most appropriate to use with a client suffering from narcissistic personality disorder when discrepancies exist between what the client states and what actually exist?

 

a.       Rationalization

b.       Supportive confrontation

c.       Limit setting

d.       Consistency

 

21. A patient is experiencing alcohol withdrawal exhibits tremors, diaphoresis, and hyperactivity. Blood pressure is 190/87 mmHg and pulse is 92 bpm. Which of the medications would the nurse expect to administer?

 

a.       Naloxone (Narcan)

b.       Benztropine (Cogentin)

c.       Lorazepam (Ativan)

d.       Haloperidol (Haldol)

 

22. Which of the following foods would the nurse Trish eliminate from the diet of a client in alcohol withdrawal?

 

a.       Milk

b.       Orange Juice

c.       Soda

d.       Regular Coffee

 

23. Which of the following would Nurse Hazel expect to assess for a client who is exhibiting late signs of heroin withdrawal?

 

a.       Yawning & diaphoresis

b.       Restlessness & Irritability

c.       Constipation & steatorrhea

d.       Vomiting and Diarrhea

 

24. To establish open and trusting relationship with a female client who has been hospitalized with severe anxiety, the nurse in charge should?

 

a.       Encourage the staff to have frequent interaction with the client

b.       Share an activity with the client

c.       Give client feedback about behavior

d.       Respect client’s need for personal space

 

25. The nurse recognizes that the focus of environmental (MILIEU) therapy is to:

 

a.       Manipulate the environment to bring about positive changes in behavior

b.       Allow the client’s freedom to determine whether or not they will be involved in activities

c.       Role play life events to meet individual needs

d.       Use natural remedies rather than drugs to control behavior

 

26. The nurse would expect a child with a diagnosis of reactive attachment disorder to:

 

a.       Have more positive relation with the father than the mother

b.       Cling to mother & cry on separation

c.       Be able to develop only superficial relation with the others

d.       Have been physically abused

 

27. When teaching parents about childhood depression the nurse should say?

 

a.       It may appear acting out behavior

b.       Does not respond to conventional treatment

c.       Is short in duration & resolves easily

d.       Looks almost identical to adult depression

 

28. The nurse  is aware that language development in autistic child resembles:

 

a.       Scanning speech

b.       Speech lag

c.       Shuttering

d.       Echolalia

 

29. A 60 year old female client who lives alone tells the nurse at the community health center “I really don’t need anyone to talk to”. The TV is my best friend. The nurse recognizes that the client is using the defense mechanism known as?

 

a.       Displacement

b.       Projection

c.       Sublimation

d.       Denial

 

30. When working with a male client suffering phobia about black cats, the nurse should anticipate that a problem for this client would be?

 

a.       Anxiety when discussing phobia

b.       Anger toward the feared object

c.       Denying that the phobia exist

d.       Distortion of reality when completing daily routines

 

31. A patient is pacing the floor and appears extremely anxious. The duty nurse approaches in an attempt to alleviate the patient’s anxiety. The most therapeutic question by the nurse would be?

 

a.       Would you like to watch TV?

b.       Would you like me to talk with you?

c.       Are you feeling upset now?

d.       Ignore the client

 

32. The nurse is aware that the symptoms that distinguish post-traumatic stress disorder from other anxiety disorder would be:

 

a.       Avoidance of situation & certain activities that resemble the stress

b.       Depression and a blunted affect when discussing the traumatic situation

c.       Lack of interest in family & others

d.       Re-experiencing the trauma in dreams or flashback

 

33. The nurse is communicating with a male client with substance-induced persisting dementia; the client cannot remember facts and fills in the gaps with imaginary information. The nurse is aware that this is typical of?

 

a.       Flight of ideas

b.       Associative looseness

c.       Confabulation

d.       Concretism

 

34. The nurse is aware that the signs & symptoms that would be most specific for diagnosis anorexia are?

 

a.       Excessive weight loss, amenorrhea & abdominal distension

b.       Slow pulse, 10% weight loss & alopecia

c.       Compulsive behavior, excessive fears & nausea

d.       Excessive activity, memory lapses & an increased pulse

 

35. A characteristic that would suggest to the nurse that an adolescent may have bulimia would be:

 

a.       Frequent regurgitation & re-swallowing of food

b.       Previous history of gastritis

c.       Badly stained teeth

d.       Positive body image

 

36. The nurse is aware that extremely depressed clients seem to do best in settings where they have:

 

a.       Multiple stimuli

b.       Routine Activities

c.       Minimal decision making

d.       Varied Activities

 

37. To further assess a client’s suicidal potential. The nurse should be especially alert to the client expression of:

 

a.       Frustration & fear of death

b.       Anger & resentment

c.       Anxiety & loneliness

d.       Helplessness & hopelessness

 

38. A nursing care plan for a male client with bipolar I disorder should include:

 

a.       Providing a structured environment

b.       Designing activities that will require the client to maintain contact with reality

c.       Engaging the client in conversing about current affairs

d.       Touching the client provide assurance

 

39. When planning care for a female client using ritualistic behavior, the nurse must recognize that the ritual:

 

a.       Helps the client focus on the inability to deal with reality

b.       Helps the client control the anxiety

c.       Is under the client’s conscious control

d.       Is used by the client primarily for secondary gains

 

40. A 32 year old male graduate student, who has become increasingly withdrawn and neglectful of his work and personal hygiene, is brought to the psychiatric hospital by his parents. After detailed assessment, a diagnosis of schizophrenia is made. It is unlikely that the client will demonstrate:

 

a.       Low self esteem

b.       Concrete thinking

c.       Effective self boundaries

d.       Weak ego

 

41. A 23 year old client has been admitted with a diagnosis of schizophrenia says to the nurse “Yes, its march, March is little woman”. That’s literal you know”. These statement illustrate:

 

a.       Neologisms

b.       Echolalia

c.       Flight of ideas

d.       Loosening of association

 

42. A long term goal for a paranoid male client who has unjustifiably accused his wife of having many extramarital affairs would be to help the client develop:

 

a.       Insight into his behavior

b.       Better self control

c.       Feeling of self worth

d.       Faith in his wife

 

43. A male client who is experiencing disordered thinking about food being poisoned is admitted to the mental health unit. The nurse uses which communication technique to encourage the client to eat dinner?

 

a.       Focusing on self-disclosure of own food preference

b.       Using open-ended question and silence

c.       Offering opinion about the need to eat

d.       Verbalizing reasons that the client may not choose to eat

 

44. A nurse is assigned to care for a client diagnosed with Catatonic Stupor. When the nurse enters the client’s room, the client is found lying on the bed with a body pulled into a fetal position, the nurse should?

 

a.       Ask the client direct questions to encourage talking

b.       Rake the client into the dayroom to be with other clients

c.       Sit beside the client in silence and occasionally ask open-ended question

d.       Leave the client alone and continue with providing care to the other clients

 

45. A nurse is caring for a client with delirium and states that “look at the spiders on the wall”. What should the nurse respond to the client?

 

a.       “You’re having hallucination, there are no spiders in this room at all”

b.       “I can see the spiders on the wall, but they are not going to hurt you”

c.       “Would you like me to kill the spiders”

d.       “I know you are frightened, but I do not see spiders on the wall”

 

46. A nurse is providing information to a community group about violence in the family. Which statement by a group member would indicate a need to provide additional information?

 

a.       “Abuse occurs more in low-income families”

b.       “Abuser Are often jealous or self-centered”

c.       “Abuser use fear and intimidation”

d.       “Abuser usually have poor self-esteem”

 

47. During electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) the client receives oxygen by mask via positive pressure ventilation. The nurse assisting with this procedure knows that positive pressure ventilation is necessary because?

 

a.       Anesthesia is administered during the procedure

b.       Decrease oxygen to the brain increases confusion and disorientation

c.       Grand mal seizure activity depresses respirations

d.       Muscle relaxations given to prevent injury during seizure activity depress respirations.

 

48. When planning the discharge of a client with chronic anxiety, the nurse evaluates achievement of the discharge maintenance goals. Which goal would be most appropriately having been included in the plan of care requiring evaluation?

 

a.       The client eliminates all anxiety from daily situations

b.       The client ignores feelings of anxiety

c.       The client identifies anxiety producing situations

d.       The client maintains contact with a crisis counselor

 

49. The nurse is caring for a client with depression who has not responded to antidepressant medication. The nurse anticipates that what treatment procedure may be prescribed?

 

a.       Neuroleptic medication

b.       Short term seclusion

c.       Psychosurgery

d.       Electroconvulsive therapy

 

50. The patient is admitted to the emergency room with drug-included anxiety related to over ingestion of prescribed antipsychotic medication. The most important piece of information the nurse in charge should obtain initially is the:

 

a.       Length of time on the med.

b.       Name of the ingested medication & the amount ingested

c.       Reason for the suicide attempt

d.       Name of the nearest relative & their phone number

ANSWER AND RATIONALE

1. C.

Total